(1) This European Standard incorporates, by dated or undated reference, provisions from other standards. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments).
ISO 3898:1997 Basis of design of structures – Notations. General symbols
EN 1990:2002 Eurocode: Basis of structural design
EN 19911 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures
EN 1991-41 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures Part 4 Actions in silos and tanks
EN 19921 Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures
EN 19931 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures
EN 19941 Eurocode 4 Design of composite steel and concrete structures
EN 19951 Eurocode 5 Design of timber structures
EN 19961 Eurocode 6 Design of masonry structures
EN 19981 Eurocode 8 Design of structures for earth quake resistance
EN 19991 Eurocode 9 Design of aluminium and aluminium alloy structures
EN 1536:1999 Execution of special geotechnical work – Bored piles
EN 1537:1999 Execution of special geotechnical work – Ground anchors
EN 12063:1999 Execution of special geotechnical work – Sheet-pile walls
EN 12699:2000 Execution of special geotechnical work – Displacement piles
EN ISO 13793:2001 Thermal performance of buildings – Thermal design of foundations to avoid frost heave
(1) Reference is made to 1.3 of EN 1990:2002.
(2) The provisions of this standard are based on the assumptions given below:
- — data required for design are collected, recorded and interpreted by appropriately qualified personnel;
- — structures are designed by appropriately qualified and experienced personnel;
- — adequate continuity and communication exist between the personnel involved in data-collection, design and construction;
- — adequate supervision and quality control are provided in factories, in plants, and on site;
- — execution is carried out according to the relevant standards and specifications by personnel having the appropriate skill and experience;
- — construction materials and products are used as specified in this standard or in the relevant material or product specifications;
- — the structure will be adequately maintained to ensure its safety and serviceability for the designed service life;
- — the structure will be used for the purpose defined for the design.
(3) These assumptions need to be considered both by the designer and the client. To prevent uncertainty, compliance with them should be documented, e.g. in the geotechnical design report.