Annex ZA

(informative)

Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU Directives

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics

This European Standard has been prepared under the mandate M/100 "Precast Concrete Products" given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association.

The Clauses of this European Standard shown in this Annex meet the requirements of the mandate given under the EU Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC).

Compliance with these Clauses confers a presumption of fitness of the foundation piles units covered by this Annex for the intended uses indicated herein; reference shall be made to the information accompanying the CE marking.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives, not affecting the fitness for intended uses, may be applicable to the foundation piles falling within the scope of this Standard.

NOTE 1 In addition to any specific Clauses relating to dangerous substances contained in this Standard, there may be requirements applicable to the products falling within its scope (e.g. transposed European legislation and national laws, regulations and administrative provisions). In order to meet the provisions of the EU Construction Products Directive, these requirements need also to be complied with, when and where they apply.
NOTE 2 An informative database of European and national provisions on dangerous substances is available at the Construction web site on EUROPA (accessed through http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/construction/internal/dangsub/dangmain.htm).

This Annex establishes the conditions for the CE marking of the foundation piles units used for the construction of the foundation of buildings and other civil engineering works.

This Annex has the same scope as Clause 1 of this Standard and is defined by Tables ZA.1 a) and ZA.1 b).

Table ZA.1 a) — Relevant Clauses for foundation piles class 1 used for foundation of buildings and other civil engineering works
Essential characteristics Requirement Clauses in this Standard Levels and/or class(es) Notes and Unit
Compressive strength (of concrete) All methods 4.2.1 Concrete production
4.2.2 Hardened concrete
None N/mm2
Ultimate tensile and tensile yield strength (of steel) All methods 4.1.3 Reinforcing steel and
4.1.4 Prestressing steel of EN 13369
None N/mm2
Mechanical strength (by calculation) Method 1 Information listed in ZA.3.2 None Geometry and materials
Method 2 4.3.3 Mechanical resistance None kNm, kN, kN/m
Method 3 Design specification None  
Detailing 1 All methods 4.3.1 Geometrical properties
B.8 Detailing of reinforcement
B.9 Detailing of members and particular requirements
8 Technical documentation
None mm
/
/
/
Durability for mechanical strength All methods 4.3.7 Durability None Ambient conditions
Rigidity of joints All methods 4.3.8.3 Rigidity of piles joints None Technical class and relevant properties
1 Detailing is referring to piles of class 1, see Clause 4.3.3.1 of this Standard document and Annex B.
Table ZA.1 b) — Relevant Clauses for foundation piles class 2 used for foundation of buildings and other civil engineering works
Essential characteristics Requirement Clauses in this Standard Levels and/or class(es) Notes and Unit
Compressive strength (of concrete) All methods 4.2 Production requirements None N/mm2
Ultimate tensile and tensile yield strength (of steel) All methods 4.1.3 Reinforcing steel and
4.1.4 Prestressing steel of EN 13369
None N/mm2
Mechanical strength (by calculation) Method 1 Information listed in ZA.3.2 None Geometry and materials
Method 2 4.3.3 Mechanical resistance None kNm, kN, kN/m
Method 3 Design specification None  
Detailing 2 All methods 4.3.1 Geometrical properties
C.9 Detailing of members and particular requirements
8 Technical documentation
None mm
/
/
Durability for mechanical strength All methods 4.3.7 Durability None Ambient conditions
Rigidity of joints All methods 4.3.8.3 Rigidity of piles joints None Technical class and relevant properties
2 Detailing is referring to piles of class 2, single bar piles, see Clause 4.3.3.1 of this Standard and Annex C.

Method 1 = declaration of geometrical data and material properties (see ZA.3.2). Method 2 = declaration of the value of the product properties (see ZA.3.3).

Method 3 = declaration of compliance with given design specification (see ZA.3.4). The producer shall select when he applies each method in accordance with Annex Y.

The requirement on a certain characteristic is not applicable in those Member States (MSs) where there are no regulatory requirements for that characteristic for the intended use of the product. In this case, manufacturers placing their products on the market of these MSs are not obliged to determine nor to declare the performance of their products with regard to this characteristic and the option "No performance determined" (NPD) in the information accompanying the CE marking (see Clause ZA.3) may be used. The NPD option may not be used, however, where the characteristic is subject to a threshold level.

ZA.2 Procedure(s) for the Attestation of Conformity of foundation piles

ZA.2.1 Systems of attestation of conformity

The systems of attestation of conformity of foundation piles included in Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b), in accordance with the Decision of the Commission 1999/94//EC as given in Annex III of the mandate for foundation piles is shown in Table ZA.2 for the indicated intended uses and relevant levels or classes:

Table ZA.2 — Systems of attestation of conformity
Products Intended Uses Levels or Classes Attestation of Conformity systems
Precast concrete foundation piles structural 2+
System 2+: see CPD , Annex III.2.(ii), First possibility, including certification of the factory production control by an approved body on the basis of initial inspection of factory and of factory production control as well as of continuous surveillance, assessment and approval of factory production control.
System 4: see CPD , Annex III.2.(ii), Third possibility.

The attestation of conformity of foundation piles in Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b) shall be based on the evaluation of conformity procedures indicated in Table ZA.3 resulting from application of the Clauses of this or other European Standard indicated therein.

Table ZA.3 — Assignment of evaluation of conformity tasks for foundation piles under system 2+
Tasks Content of the tasks Evaluation of conformity Clauses to apply
Tasks for the manufacturer Initial type testing All characteristics of Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b). 6.2
Factory production control Parameters related to all characteristics of Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b). 6.3
Further testing of samples taken at the factory
  • Mechanical strength;
    All characteristics of Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b).
Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b) 6.2.3 of EN 13369:2004
Tasks for the notified body Certification of factory production control on the basis of : Initial inspection of factory and of factory production control
  • Compressive strength (of concrete);
  • Ultimate tensile and tensile yield strength;
  • Detailing;
  • Durability.
6.1.2 a) and 6.3
of EN 13369:2004
Continuous surveillance, assessments and approval of factory production control
  • Compressive strength (of concrete);
  • Ultimate tensile and tensile yield strength;
  • Detailing;
  • Durability;
  • Load bearing capacity (when verified by testing).
6.1.2 b) and 6.3
of EN 13369:2004

ZA.2.2 EC Certificate and Declaration of conformity

When compliance with the conditions of this Annex is achieved, and once the notified body has drawn up the certificate mentioned below, the manufacturer or his agent established in the EEA shall prepare and retain a declaration of conformity, which entitles the manufacturer to affix the CE marking. This declaration shall include:

  • name and address of the manufacturer, or his authorised representative established in the EEA, and the place of production;
  • description of the product (type, identification, use, ...), and a copy of the information accompanying the CE marking;
  • provisions to which the product conforms (e.g. Annex ZA of this EN);
  • particular conditions applicable to the use of the product (e.g. provisions for use under certain conditions, etc.);
  • the number of the accompanying factory production control certificate;
  • name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the declaration on behalf of the manufacturer or his authorised representative.

The declaration shall be accompanied by a factory production control certificate, drawn up by the notified body, which shall contain, in addition to the information above, the following:

  • name and address of the notified body;
  • the number of the factory production control certificate;
  • conditions and period of validity of the certificate, where applicable;
  • name of, and position held by, the person empowered to sign the certificate.

The above mentioned EC Declarations and EC Certificate shall be presented in the official language or languages of the Member State in which the product is to be used.

ZA.3 CE marking and labelling

ZA.3.1 General

The manufacturer or his authorised representative established within the EEA is responsible for the affixing of the CE marking. The CE marking symbol to affix shall be in accordance with Directive 93/68/EC and shall be shown on the product (or when not possible it may be on the accompanying label, the packaging or on the accompanied commercial documents e.g. a delivery note).

The following information shall accompany the CE marking symbol:

  • identification number of the certification body (only for products under systems 2+);
  • name or identifying mark and registered address of the producer;
  • the last two digits of the year in which the marking is affixed;
  • number of the EC Certificate of conformity or factory production control certificate (if relevant);
  • reference to this European Standard;
  • description of the product: generic name, material, dimensions, and intended use;
  • class of the pile;
  • classification of the joint for segmental piles;
  • information on those relevant essential characteristics taken from Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b) which are listed in the relevant Clause ZA.3.2, ZA.3.3 or ZA.3.4;
  • “No performance determined” for characteristics where this is relevant.

The "No performance determined" (NPD) option may not be used where the characteristic is subject to a threshold level. Otherwise, the NPD option may be used when and where the characteristic, for a given intended use, is not subject to regulatory requirements in the Member State of destination.

In the following subclauses the conditions are given for the application of CE marking. Figure ZA.1 gives the simplified label to affix to the product, containing the minimum set of information and the link to the accompanying document where the other required information is given. For what concern the information on essential characteristics, some of them may be given by an unambiguous reference to:

  • technical information (product catalogue) (see ZA.3.2);
  • technical documentation (ZA.3.3);
  • design specification (ZA.3.4).

The minimum set of information to be put directly in the affixed label or in the companying document is given in Figures ZA.2, ZA.3 and ZA.4.

ZA.3.1.1 Simplified label

In the case of simplified label the following information shall be added to the CE marking symbol:

  • name or identifying mark and registered address of the producer;
  • identification number of the unit or date of casting of the lot (to ensure traceability);
  • the last two digits of the year in which the marking is affixed;
  • number of the CE factory production control certificate;
  • class of the pile;
  • classification of the joint for segmental piles;
  • reference to this European Standard.

The same identification number shall mark, in the accompanying documents, the information related to the unit.

Figure ZA.1 gives a model for the simplified label for CE marking.

 
CE conformity marking consisting of the
CE symbol given in directive 93/68/EEC
AnyCo Ltd, PO Bx 21, B-1050
 
45PJ76
02
 
0123-CPD-0456
Name or identifying mark and registered
address of the producer
Identification number of the unit
Last two digits of the year in which the 
marking was affixed
Number of the FPC certificate
EN 12794
Pile class 1
Number of this European
Standard Class of pile
Figure ZA.1 — Example of simplified label

NOTE For small elements or for product stamping reasons, the size can be reduced by removing reference to EN and/or to FPC certificate.

ZA.3.2 Declaration of geometrical data and material properties

(Method 1 to determine properties relating to essential requirements "mechanical resistance and stability").

Figure ZA.2 gives, for a type of foundation piles, a model CE marking inclusive of the information needed to determine, according to design regulation valid in the place of use, the properties related to mechanical resistance and stability, including aspects of durability and serviceability.

Referring to Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b) and to the information quoted in the list of ZA.3.1, the following properties shall be declared:

  • compressive strength of concrete;
  • ultimate tensile strength of reinforcing steel;
  • tensile yield strength of reinforcing steel;
  • ultimate tensile strength of prestressing steel;
  • tensile 0,1 proof stress of prestressing steel;
  • geometrical data (only critical dimensions);
  • class of the pile;
  • classification of the joint for segmental piles;
  • conditions for durability against corrosion;
  • possible reference to Technical Information (product catalogue) for detailing, durability geometrical data and drying shrinkage.

 
0123
CE conformity marking consisting of the
CE symbol given in directive 93/68/EEC
 
 
 
Identification of the notified body
AnyCo Ltd, PO Bx 21, B-1050
 
02
 
0123-CPD-0456
Name or identifying mark and registered
address of the producer
Last two digits of the year in which the
marking was affixed
Number of the FPC certificate
EN 12794
Precast concrete foundation piles
Number and title of European Standard concerned

Reinforced pile
Class pile 1

Concrete:

Compressive strength ...................fck = xx N/mm2

Reinforcing steel:

Ultimate tensile strength ...............ftk = yyy N/mm2

Tensile yield strength ....................fyk = zzz N/mm2

Pile length L = xxx mm

Shaft length l = aaa mm

Pile shaft e = bbb mm

Pile toe l " = ccc mm
 

For detailing and durability see Technical Information Technical Information:

Product Catalogue ABC: 2002 — Clause ii

Generic name and intended use
(included class of pile and joint class for
segmental piles)
Information on product geometry and
material characteristics including
detailing (to be adapted to the specific
product by the producer)
 

NOTE The sketch may be omitted if
equivalent information are available in clearly
identified Technical Information (product
catalogue) referred to

Figure ZA.2 — Example of CE marking with Method 1

ZA.3.3 Declaration of product properties

(Method 2 to determine properties relating to essential requirements "mechanical resistance and stability").

For all design data, including models and parameters used in calculation, reference may be made to the technical (design) documentation.

Referring to Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b) and to the information quoted in the list of ZA.3.1, the following properties shall be declared:

  • compressive strength of concrete;
  • ultimate tensile strength of reinforcing steel;
  • tensile yield strength of reinforcing steel;
  • ultimate tensile strength of prestressing steel;
  • tensile 0,1 proof stress of prestressing steel;
  • mechanical ultimate strength of the pile (design values for non-seismic situations) with axial compression capacity for some eccentricities or axial compression capacity with its bending moment capacity and shear capacity of critical sections;
  • safety factors for concrete and steel used in calculation;
  • other Nationally Determined Parameters NDPs used in calculation;
  • conditions for durability against corrosion (or exposure classes );
  • class of the pile;
  • classification of the joint for segmental piles;
  • possible reference to Technical Documentation for geometrical data, detailing, durability, drying shrinkage and other NDPs.

Figure ZA.3 gives, for foundation piles, the model CE marking in the case in which the properties related to mechanical resistance and stability are determined by the producer by means of EN Eurocodes.

The design values of the mechanical ultimate strength of the element shall be computed using, for the Nationally Determined Parameters, either the values recommended in EN 1992-1-1 or the values given in the National Annex of the Eurocodes applicable to the works.


 
0123
CE conformity marking consisting of the
CE symbol given in directive 93/68/EEC
 
 
 
Identification of the notified body
AnyCo Ltd, PO Bx 21, B-1050
 
02
 
0123-CPD-0456
Name or identifying mark and registered
address of the producer
Last two digits of the year in which the
marking was affixed
Number of the FPC certificate

EN 12794
Precast concrete foundation piles Prestressed pile
Pile class 1
 

Concrete:

Compressive strength ...................fck = xx N/mm2
 

Reinforcing steel:

Ultimate tensile strength ................ftk = yyy N/mm2

Tensile yield strength .....................fyk = zzz N/mm2
 

Prestressing steel:

Ultimate tensile strength ................fpk = uuu N/mm2

Tensile 0.1% proof-stress ......... fp0.1k = www N/mm2

Mechanical ultimate strength (design values): Axial compression capacity

For eccentricity e = 0,00 m.............................uuu kN

For eccentricity e = y,yy m .............................www kN

Axial tension capacity

For eccentricity e = 0,00 m.............................uuu kN

For eccentricity e = x,xx m .............................vvv kN

Shear capacity in critical cross section/joint

For N = 0 kN...................................................uuu kN

For N = xx kN .................................................vvv kN
 

Material safety factors applied in strength calculation:

For concrete ...................................................γc = z.zz

For steel .........................................................γs = x.xx
 

For geometrical data, detailing, durability and other NDPs see the Technical documentation
 

Technical Documentation:

Position Number............................................ xxxxxx

Number and title of European Standard concerned
Generic name and intended use
Pile class
(joint class for segmental piles)
 
Information on product mandated
characteristics including detailing (to be
adapted to thespecific product by the
producer)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

For products made for a specific use, the
technical documentation shall indicate the
place of destination

Figure ZA.3 — Example of CE marking with Method 2

ZA.3.4 Declaration of compliance with a given design specification

(Method 3 to determine properties relating to essential requirements "mechanical resistance and stability").

Figure ZA.4 gives, for foundation piles, the model CE marking in the case the product is produced according to a design specification in which the properties related to mechanical resistance and stability are determined by means of design provisions applicable to the works.

Referring to Table ZA.1 a) or ZA.1 b) and to the information quoted in the list of ZA.3.1, the following properties shall be declared:

  • compressive strength of concrete;
  • ultimate tensile strength of reinforcing steel;
  • tensile yield strength of reinforcing steel;
  • ultimate tensile strength of prestressing steel;
  • tensile 0,1 proof stress of prestressing steel;
  • class of the pile;
  • classification of the joint for segmental piles.

This method applies also in case of a design made with means other than EN Eurocodes.


 
0123
CE conformity marking consisting of the
CE symbol given in directive 93/68/EEC
 
 
 
Identification of the notified body
AnyCo Ltd, PO Bx 21, B-1050
 
02
 
0123-CPD-0456
Name or identifying mark and registered
address of the producer
Last two digits of the year in which the
marking was affixed
Number of the FPC certificate

EN 12794
Precast concrete foundation piles
Single bar pile or pile segment Pile class 2
Joint class D

Concrete:

Compressive strength ....................fck = xx N/mm2
 

Reinforcing steel:

Ultimate tensile strength ................ftk = yyy N/mm2

Tensile yield strength .....................fyk = zzz N/mm2
 

For geometrical data, detailing, mechanical strength and durability see the design specifications
 

Design specification:

Order Code xxxxxx

Number and title of European Standard
concerned
Generic name and intended use
Class of pile
Class of joint rigidity
 
Information on product mandated
characteristics including detailing (to be
adapted to the specific product by the
producer)
Figure ZA.4 — Example of CE marking with Method 3
In addition to any specific information relating to dangerous substances, the product should be also accompanied, when and where required and in the appropriate form, by documentation listing any other legislation on dangerous substances for which compliance is claimed, together with any information required by that legislation.

NOTE European legislation without national derogations need not be mentioned.

Annex Y

(Informative)

Choice of CE marking method

The producer should choose to apply, for CE marking, one of the alternative methods described in ZA.3, on the basis of the following conditions.

Y.1 Method 1

The declaration of geometrical data and material properties as specified in ZA.3.2 may be applied when the following condition occurs:

— off the shelf and catalogue products.

Y.2 Method 2

The declaration of product properties determined following this document and EN Eurocodes, as specified in ZA.3.3, should be applied when the following condition occurs:

— precast product with product properties declared by the producer.

Y.3 Method 3

The declaration of compliance with a given specification as specified in ZA.3.4 may be applied when the following condition occurs:

— all other cases than Y.1 and Y.2.

Bibliography

[1] EN 206-1:2000, Concrete — Part 1: Specification, performance, production and conformity

[2] EN 12699, Execution of special geotechnical work — Displacement piles

EN 12794:2005 Precast concrete products – Foundation piles